Carrying out experiments is common practice in universities, but teachers from Newcastle University were amused to discover that they had been the subjects of a secret test. Dr Melissa Bateson, apsychologist, wanted to find out if she could change her colleagues’ behaviour when it came to payingfor their hot drinks. Teachers were expected to put money in a box in the staff room, but nobodycontrolled how much money each teacher gave. Dr Bateson put a large picture of some flowers on thewall behind the box for a few weeks and then replaced it with one of a picture of a pair of human eyes.At the end of the experiment, Dr Bateson found that teachers paid almost three times more for theirdrinks when the picture of the eyes was on the wall. . Dr Bateson concluded that we are programmed to respond to eyes, even pictures of eyes, andbelieved that her posters could combat crime. A few years later, another experiment at NewcastleUniversity proved this to be true. The experiment involved one of the items most vulnerable to theft thatstudents possess: bicycles. Three posters were made with a warning sentence under the image of a pairof eyes. It said, ‘Cycle thieves, we are watching you’. Amazingly, the crime rate for bicycle theft fell byan incredible 62% in the places where the posters were displayed. The police and transport authoritiesquickly became interested in Dr Bateson’s research and they have since used posters of hostile pairs ofeyes in their crime prevention campaigns. (Adapted from Solutions 3rd Edition by Tim Falla and Paul A Davies)
1. Which could be the best title for the passage? A. I’ve Got my Eyes on You B. Cycle Thieves: a New Threat C. Driven to Crime D. Stealing Students’ Bicycles
2. The word ‘controlled’ in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ________A. imagined B. changed C. renewed D. managed
3. According to paragraph 1, what were the findings or Dr Bateson’s research? A. Teachers felt they were not controlled about how much money they put in the box. B. The flowers behind the wall lead to fewer donations being made. C. The eyes on the wall may have significantly influenced the behavior among teachers. D. The teachers bought three times more hot drinks when the eyes were on the wall.
4. The word ‘It’ in paragraph 2 refers to ________ A. the image of the eye B. a poster C. a cycle thief D. a warning sentence
5. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. A study at a University in Newcastle supported Dr Bateson’s hypothesis. B. Bicycles are a commonly stolen possession within student communities. C. Posters were displayed on the seat of the bike in a bid to deter criminals. D. Bicycle theft witnessed a sharp reduction in the instances where posters were presented